Valores Referencia

Valores Referencia

Ecocardiografía Doppler

Valores normales en Ecocardiografía Doppler 14

Parámetros de flujo aórtico y pulmonar

Aorta ascendente
media (interv.)
Aorta descendente
media (interv.)
Arteria pulmonar
media (interv.)
Velocidad máxima (m/seg) 1,17
Tiempo de eyección (TE) (mseg) 263
Tiempo de aceleración (TA) (mseg) 79
Aceleración (m/seg2) 15
TA/TE 0,3
integral de flujo (cm) 18-22    


Velocidades de salida ventricular

Tracto de salida de VI
Tracto de salida de VD
Velocidad máxima (m/seg) 0,98 (0,47-1,29) 0,72 (0,36-1,08)
Tiempo de eyección (mseg) 286 (240-332) 281 (212-350)
Tiempo de aceleración (mseg) 84 (48-120) 118 (70-166)
Aceleración (m/seg2) 11 (5-17) 6,1 (3-9)
Integral de flujo (cm) 20-25  

Velocidades de llenado ventricular

Flujo mitral
Flujo tricúspide
Onda E (m/seg) 0,86 (0,44-1,10) 0,64 (0,42-0,86)
Onda A (m/seg) 0,56 (0,28-0,60) 0,33 (0,19-0,47)
E/A 1,62 (1,31-1,93) 1,52 (1,25-1,79)
Tiempo de desaceleración (DT) (mseg) 179 (150-240) 188 (150-210)
Tiempo de relajación isovolumétrica TRIV (mseg) 76 (60-110) 76 (60-110)
Integral de flujo (cm 10-13  

Velocidades de llenado auricular

<50 años
>50 años
Flujo en venas pulmonares (m/seg) Onda S 0,48 ±0,09 0,71 ±0,09
Onda D 0,50 ±0,10 0,38 ±0,09
Onda auricular 0,19 ±0,04 0,23 ±0,14
Flujo de vena cava superior (m/seg) Onda S 0,41 ±0,09 0,42 ±0,12
Onda D 0,22 ±0,05 0,22 ±0,05
Onda auricular 0,13 ±0,03 0,16 ±0,03

Valores normales de flujo en la vena pulmonar superior izquierda (VPSI), determinados por ecocardiografía transesofágica en 40 pacientes sin cardiopatía estructural (51±15 años)

Media ± DE
Onda sistólica (m/seg) 0,59 ±0,15
ITV onda S (cm) 14,7 ±3,4
Onda diastólica D (m/seg) 0,44 ±0,13
ITV onda D (cm) 7,9 ±2,7
Onda S / Onda D 1,35 ±0,24
ITV S / ITV D 2,01 ±0,62
Onda auricular Ar (m/seg) 0,23 ±0,06
ITV Ar 1,8 ±0,67
Fracción sistólica 0,65 ±0,06
Tiempo desaceleración DT (mseg) 168,6 ±64


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